US and Brazilian Droughts linked to hottest year

US and Brazilian Droughts linked to hottest year

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This year may be the hottest year ever, and that is causing extreme weather patterns.

There were droughts in California and Brazil, Floods in UK and Australia, floods in parts of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Morocco, record rainfalls in France and Japan, etc. this year. Experts believe that global temperatures this year are on course for their highest ever. The oceans are bearing the major brunt. So are USA and Canada, according to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

“There is no standstill in global warming,” WMO chief Michel Jarraud said in a press statement. “What we saw in 2014 is consistent with what we expect from a changing climate. Record-breaking heat combined with torrential rainfall and floods destroyed livelihoods and ruined lives.”

The global average air temperature over land and sea surface for January to October was about 1.03 Fahrenheit above the average of 57.2 F for a reference period from 1961 to 1990, according to WMO. It was 32.162F above the average for the decade 2004-2013.

“If November and December maintain the same tendency, then 2014 will likely be the hottest on record, ahead of 2010, 2005 and 1998,” the WMO said. “This confirms the underlying long-term warming trend.”

The research by WMO, finds that the climate on the planet is rapidly shifting in temperatures. That is quicker than the time the last ice age ended, some 10,000 years ago.

NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory has sounded a grim warning over California’s present drought. It believes that the groundwater in the state is rapidly declining.

According to a statement released by NASA: ‘California’s Sacramento and San Joaquin river basins have lost roughly 15 km3 of total water per year since 2011 — more water than all 38 million Californians use for domestic and municipal supplies annually — over half of which is due to groundwater pumping in the Central Valley.’

The one good change, the extreme weather changes are bringing, is the rising awareness amongst the people. A survey, which was conducted in America, recently showed that 83% of Americans believe in global warming and that 66% back taxes as a way to change the behavior of consumers and businesses.

“The events this year reinforce the urgency message that’s already out there,” Alden Meyer, of the Washington-based Union of Concerned Scientists, said in an interview in Peru. “We’re running out of time, and we’re starting to see the impacts. This is not a problem far off in the future.”

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James Hailey a worshipper of life as it comes to him. He enjoys soft music while working on his latest manuscripts spread over his desk and his tablet on hand. His curiosity to observe everything around him and love for writing has propelled him to take up the job of a news journalist. Soon he realised, he enjoyed being at the back seat and editing all those news collected by others. He has been working as a lead news editor for both the digital and print media since the past 8 years. On his spare time he indulges in yoga to calm his hectic life style. He writes on Geology and Earth. Wmail : james@dailysciencejournal.com