According to a leading Chinese authority, the country’s rising temperature will gravely impact China causing it to experience reduced crop yield and unstable river flows.
Zheng Guoguang, China Meteorological Administration (CMA) chief, has warned of the “huge impact” of climate change, saying rising temperatures could devastate the world’s most populous nation. He added that the temperature rises in China were already higher than global averages and that climate change would cut crop yields, causing environmental degradation and make for unstable river flows.
Guoguang said, “As the world warms, risks of climate change and climate disasters to China could become more grave. To face the challenges from past and future climate change, we must respect nature and live in harmony with it. We must promote the idea of nature and emphasize climate security.”
Guoguang stated that climate change can seriously threaten big projects in the country, such as the Three Gorges Dam and a massive scheme geared toward diverting water from southern portions of China to areas north of the country to address water problems. He added that it is important for the country to incorporate policies to lower carbon emission in its development programs.
Along with the US, China remains one of the biggest polluters in the world. Both US and China are responsible for 45% of the world’s total carbon emissions. However, last year, the two countries agreed to strengthen co-operation on cutting greenhouse gases and pledged to reduce emissions, raising the possibility of a deal at climate change conference in Paris this year.
China has appointed a well-respected expert on climate change, Chen Jining, as minister of environmental protection, and has shown willingness to make policy changes to counter pollution. There has also been a push to increase schemes supporting use of alternative energy sources, but environmentalists have criticized facilities converting coal into gas as these have been reported to produce even more carbon emissions, doing more harm than good in the long run.